Last year, UNESCO approved a motion that endorsed the right of Palestinians to the al-Aqsa Mosque compound and slammed Israeli provocations around the holy site. Since a law mandating a move of the embassy to Jerusalem was passed by Congress in the mid-1990s, all United States presidents have signed a waiver postponing the law's implementation every six months, citing national security reasons.
The Israeli Foreign Ministry, which on Tuesday described the resolution as "unnecessary politicisation of UNESCO", started its offensive effort targeting the United Nations cultural body over the resolution last week.
Israel has condemned a Unesco resolution that criticises the country's excavations in the Old City of Jerusalem, a flashpoint area holy to Jews, Muslims and Christians alike.
"Our opinion is very clear: UNESCO can't become the headquarters of a permanent ideological clash in which questions are faced for which the solutions are supposed to be handled in other headquarters", Alfano was quoted as saying by the Italian news agency ANSA.
"The senior officials expressed their bitter disappointment over Sweden's vote at UNESCO". Speaking at a Cabinet meeting Wednesday, Netanyahu says Israel will not sit idly by as a United Nations organization tries to negate its sovereignty in Jerusalem.
The Israeli government summoned Swedish Ambassador Carl Magnus Nesser on Wednesday to protest Sweden's vote in favor of the UNESCO resolution.
The Palestinian foreign ministry called the declaration "a victory for global law". "And that while there will undoubtedly have to be compromises, you can rest assured, President Donald Trump will never compromise the safety and security of the Jewish state of Israel, not now, not ever".
"Tonight, when the flag returns to the top of the mast, we'll know that the state of Israel is true consolation, the fulfilment of a dream of many generations", Netanyahu said. "Their refusal to agree to the outrageous charges leveled by the UNESCO Executive Board is a small but significant moral achievement for Israel and all purveyors of democracy within the worldwide community". "I thank the countries that acceded to my request to vote against this resolution, especially the USA, which did not need any sort of appeal".
Most European countries abstained, while Greece, the UK, Italy and Lithuania voted against.
Israel's President Reuven Rivlin called on foreign ambassadors to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.