The budget would curb payments like crop insurance, conservation assistance and rural development programs, according to reports on the plan, which the administration will release Tuesday.
Mick Mulvaney, Trump's budget director, spelled it out clearly for reporters on Monday.
Mulvaney did, however, say, "We are not going to measure success by how much money we spend" but rather by how many people are helped. "If you are on disability insurance and you're not supposed to be, if you are not truly disabled, we need you to go back to work". He argued Trump can get millions of people off of government aid and back to work. Over a decade, it calls for hundreds of billions of dollars in cuts to Medicaid, food stamps and disability benefits.
The White House plan leaves Social Security and Medicare untouched, but calls for $800 billion in cuts to Medicaid and a $193 billion reduction in food stamps over the next ten years. And they are recoiling from a $1.7 trillion cut over the coming decade from mandatory government benefit programs.
At the same time, spending on the departments of Defense, Homeland Security, and Veterans Affairs would increase substantially. And he wants to create a first-ever federal paid family leave program.
During the presidential campaign, Trump promised not to cut Social Security, Medicare or Medicaid.
Spending on Medicaid in fiscal 2016 totaled $553 billion, with the federal government picking up 63% of the tab and states paying for 37%.
New Jersey Gov. Chris Christie, R, a key Trump supporter during the campaign, said his state is a "state that has a lot of people who utilize Medicaid". But Mulvaney acknowledged the House health care bill, which the president supports, would do that. He said voters understood the promise to be about retirement benefits.
Although there's nearly no chance that this budget will pass Congress in its current form, a Republican-led Congress will likely work hard to include at least some of Trump's suggested cuts to benefits for the working class. Experts, such as those at the Committee for a Responsible Federal Budget, say they will be on the lookout for "gimmicks" that would make a path to a balanced budget look easier than it is. The president's daughter, Ivanka Trump, has championed parental leave as a way to help women in the workforce, although the budget provides little detail of how the program would work.
For anti-poverty programs, the White House proposes shifting some of the financial costs to states, giving them a financial stake in deciding whether to permit people to receive benefits.
And it's not just Democrats who have spoken out. Rep. Mike Conaway, the Texas Republican who heads the House Agriculture committee, told the Associated Press the expected proposed cuts to farm programs are "wrongheaded". And Senate Republicans are taking their own approach to overhauling the Affordable Care Act, which could significantly alter the budget impact.
States are also likely to object.
For homeland security, Trump's 2018 budget includes $2.6 billion "in new infrastructure and technology investments" to give border security agencies "the tools and technologies they need to deter, deny, identify, track, and resolve illegal activity along the border". That's in large part because it assumes the House-passed bill repealing and replacing Obamacare will stand, even though many expect it to undergo significant changes in the Senate. Comey was leading a probe of alleged Russian meddling in the 2016 US election and possible ties to the Trump campaign. That legislation would slash $839 billion from Medicaid over the next 10 years, according to a Congressional Budget Office analysis of an early version of the Republican health care bill. Trump's plan, drawn up by White House budget director Mick Mulvaney, lands as Trump's GOP allies in Congress are grappling with repealing and replacing former President Barack Obama's health care law and looking ahead to a hard rewrite of the loophole-clogged USA tax code. "We should be realistic about the projections we make and not use aggressive economic projections to try to wish our fiscal problems away".