Paul Smith, lead plaintiffs attorney for the Wisconsin map case, said if the outcome is in their favor, there could be a lawsuit challenging Illinois' map-making process using the ruling from the Supreme Court.
The Constitution mandates decennial reapportionment and redistricting of congressional and state legislative districts to reflect population shifts. They explained that Democrats lacked electoral power because of geography not gerrymandering.
The word "Gerry-Mander" is more than 200 years old, with the Boston Gazette publishing the term in 1812 to describe then-Massachusetts governor Elbridge Gerry's attempt to manipulate the state's map to benefit his party.
Both parties have sought the largest partisan edge when they control redistricting.
The judges added, "It is clear that the drafters got what they meant to get".
Schimel had asked the Supreme Court to delay the drawing of new boundaries until after the court rules on the merits of the case. The Supreme Court hasn't weighed in on the issue in more than a decade and could be sharply divided. The Supreme Court will now consider that decision. I've said all along, I think it'll be upheld in the court. But the high court could ultimately establish a new limit on the role politics plays into redistricting. Until now, he hasn't found one.
"Democrats did the same thing in states like Rhode Island and Maryland, so this is not a Republican-Democratic issue", he points out.
The Supreme Court has agreed to take up an appeal over electoral districts in Wisconsin after a lower court ruled that the state's Republican-drawn map constitutes an "unconstitutional partisan gerrymander". Packing is when a party's voters are concentrated in few districts that they win overwhelmingly. He's reportedly taking a more active role with the National Democratic Redistricting Committee, which advocates for redistricting reform amid what many view as lopsidedly partisan legislative maps. In March, a panel of judges ruled that three of the state's 36 congressional districts were illegally drawn.
Michael B. Kimberly, the lawyer bringing the suit, said he had been watching the Wisconsin case. As measured by this "efficiency gap", Republicans can increase the number of the districts they control by stuffing Democratic voters into already Democratic districts.
"As a result, in the first election under the plan", the statement continues, "Republicans won a supermajority of 60 out of 99 seats despite losing the statewide vote for the Assembly". That weakened African-American voting strength elsewhere in the state, the court said.
Gerrymandering has become more precise as computer software has become more sophisticated, enabling map-makers to divide counties, cities and even neighborhoods to maximize their political advantage. Instead, legislative leaders openly boasted they would gerrymander purely along partisan lines to unfairly give Republicans maximum advantage, as Lewis is shown doing in the video below. Democrats claim the state has drawn district lines that violate the Constitution.
As recently as 2015, the Court made clear that partisan gerrymanders are "incompatible with democratic principles".style="text-align: center;"