The resolution claimed that Hebron's Old City and the Tomb of the Patriarchs are Palestinian heritage sites, despite hundreds of years of Jewish tradition associated with the areas that predates both the modern Palestinian territories and the Islamic faith.
The vote was held in secret at UNESCO World Heritage Committee's 41st annual summit, now taking place in Krakow, Poland, following a special request, despite decisions usually being made by a show of hands.
Israeli officials complained that the agency described Hebron's Old City as a "Palestinian heritage site," prompting a walkout by Israel's ambassador to the organisation. He took the floor after the vote but kept being interrupted by his cell phone.He said it was his plumber who was fixing a problem in his bathroom, adding "and it's much more important than the decision you just adopted".
An initial paragraph summarizing the committee's reservations was rejected by the World Heritage Committee.
"Today, Palestine and the world, through UNESCO, celebrate Hebron as part of world heritage, a value that transcends geography, religion, politics, and ideology", the Palestinian Foreign Affairs statement read. And after this, Abraham buried Sarah his wife in the cave of the field of Machpelah before Mamre - the same is Hebron - in the land of Canaan.
US Jewish organizations continued to react to the decision with severe criticism of UNESCO on Friday.
"In the face of UNESCO's decision, Israel will present the world the historical ethos and the deep connection between the Jewish people's thousands of years in Hebron".
"This is another delusional UNESCO decision, " the Israeli premier said.
In a statement, Netanyahu said he would cut another $1 million from the membership money Israel sends to the United Nations and use it to establish a "Museum of the Heritage of the Jewish People in Hebron and Kiryat Arba and Hebron" and for other heritage projects related to Hebron.
In heated scenes, Israel's Unesco ambassador, Carmel Shama-Hacohen, reportedly stormed to the desk of the session's chairman after the vote, and accused the committee of not conducting a truly secret ballot.
Palestinian Tourism Minister Rula Maaya told Mondoweiss that she is "overwhelmingly happy" over the outcome of the UNESCO vote, which she believes will offer protection to the contentious city.
U.S. decision to review its ties with UNESCO comes as Washington already has other issues with the United Nations.
The UNESCO resolution had been pushed hard by the Palestinians, who succeeded not only in getting Hebron declared a Palestinian heritage site, but also in getting the UN body to declare that Israel's occupation was placing it in danger.
Israel seized Hebron, together with the rest of the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip, during the 1967 Middle East War, and has controlled these territories ever since despite worldwide criticism. As Palestinians gathered to pray, Goldstein opened fire inside the compound, killing 29 people including children.style="text-align: center;"