On Aug. 14, the SpaceX-12, developed by Elon Musk's SpaceX, will launch from Cape Canaveral, Fla., sending a Dragon spacecraft to the International Space Station (ISS) National Lab.
For the year-long experiment, astronauts will install the computer inside a rack in the Destiny module of the space station. "The patent process was started, and then we wrote a paper to NASA about how to harden their computers using software". Such a long communication lag would make any on-the-ground exploration challenging and potentially risky if astronauts are met with any mission-critical scenarios that they're not able to solve themselves, Andreoli said.
The American conglomerate has officially announced the launch of a supercomputer into Space Station next week. This means the crew on a spacecraft will need to have a strong computer system and artificial intelligence capable of making critical course corrections or decisions within minutes in the event of an emergency.
Currently, numerous calculations needed for space research projects are done on earth because of the limited computing capabilities in space, according to HPE. Semiconductor electronics are vulnerable to ionizing radiation, like that found in space, as it causes bits to randomly flip thus changing information and crashing programs. And while the device is not exactly a state-of-the-art supercomputer-it has a computing speed of about 1 teraflop-it is the most powerful computer sent into space. Although this approach works fine during low-Earth orbit or moon mission, it is not suitable for deep space missions as it would take about 20 minutes for a message to reach a ground station and another 20 minutes for the response to reach astronauts if they get near Mars.
As the ISS de-orbits, the world will be in need a of a new space station; Axiom is taking on this challenge, creating the first worldwide commercial space station to host government astronauts, private companies, and individual explorers alike.
The HPE Spaceborne Computer is based on the so-called Apollo 40 class systems, running an open-source Linux operating system, with a unique water-cooled enclosure, but has no hardware modifications, according to the company.
A mission to the red planet Mars needs to refine onboard computing resources which can extend the periods of uptime for the mission and to address these requirements, a significant improvement in the computer's viability in space is highly essential. Future phases of this experiment eventually will involve sending other new technologies and advanced computing systems, such as memory-driven computing, to the ISS once Goh and his team learn more about how the Spaceborne computer reacts in space. NASA only approves computers for space use if they've been sufficiently ruggedized in order to withstand space conditions - like radiation, solar flares, subatomic particles, micrometeoroids, and so on.
"HPE's system software will manage real time throttling of the computer systems based on current conditions and can mitigate environmentally induced errors", he said.
Lift-off is targeted for 12:31PM EST (5:31 BST) on Monday, 14 August.style="text-align: center;"